Effects of cell-cell contact on chondrogenic differentiation of stem cells revealed via unique micropatterning techniques

 
     
 

Due to the nonvascularized and noninnervated nature, an impaired cartilage is hard to self-heal. One of the promising methods to repair cartilage injury is cell-based tissue engineering. The most important type of pertinent seed cells are mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs). To reveal the cues to regulate chondrogenic differentiation of MSCs is of much importance.

With the unique micropattening technique, Ding¨s group fixed other cell geometry cues to study the cell-cell contact effect on chondrogenesis. They found that the extent of the chondrogenic differentiation of MSCs is linearly related to that of cell-cell contacts.

The regulation worked both in the hypoxia and normoxia conditions. Hypoxia directly promotes the induction process even under the same cell-cell contact extent.

The paper first-authored by Mr. Cao, a PhD student was published in Biomaterials. SeeBin Cao, Zhenhua Li, Rong Peng, Jiandong Ding*, Effects of cell-cell contact and oxygen tension on chondrogenic differentiation of stem cells, Biomaterials, 64, 21-32 (2015)

Linkshttp://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0142961215005323

 
 

     The upper row shows representative micrographs of cells with collagen II staining after 9-day chondrogenic induction. The lower row is the corresponding images with nucleus staining. The dashed lines indicate the positions of the cell-adhesive microislands. From the left to right, the extent of cell-cell contact was increased.